- Use various types of atlases and appropriate
vocabulary to describe the physical attributes of a place or region,
employing such concepts as climate, plate tectonics, volcanism, and
landforms, and to describe the human attributes, employing such concepts
as demographics, birth and death rates, doubling time, emigration, and
- Analyze information generated from a computer about
a place, including statistical sources, aerial and satellite images, and
- Construct mental maps of the world and the world's
regions and draw maps from memory showing major physical and human
- Analyze the short-term and long-term effects that
major changes in population in various parts of the world have had or
might have on the environment.
- Use a variety of geographic information and
resources to analyze and illustrate the ways in which the unequal global
distribution of natural resources influences trade and shapes economic
- Collect and analyze geographic information to
examine the effects that a geographic or environmental change in one part
of the world, such as volcanic activity, river diversion, ozone depletion,
air pollution, deforestation, or desertification, may have on other parts
of the world.
- Collect relevant data to analyze the distribution
of products among global markets and the movement of people among regions
of the world.
- Identify the world's major ecosystems and analyze
how different economic, social, political, religious, and cultural systems
have adapted to them.
- Identify and analyze cultural factors, such as
human needs, values, ideals, and public policies, that influence the
design of places, such as an urban center, an industrial park, a public
project, or a planned neighborhood.
- Analyze the effect of cultural ethics and values in
various parts of the world on scientific and technological development.
- Describe scientific and technological development
in various regions of the world and analyze the ways in which development
affects environment and culture.
- Assess the advantages and disadvantages of selected
land use policies in the local community, Wisconsin, the United States,
and the world.
- Give examples and analyze conflict and cooperation
in the establishment of cultural regions and political boundaries.
- Explain different points of view on the same
historical event, using data gathered from various sources, such as
letters, journals, diaries, newspapers, government documents, and speeches.
- Analyze primary and secondary sources related to a
historical question to evaluate their relevance, make comparisons,
integrate new information with prior knowledge, and come to a reasoned
- Recall, select, and analyze significant historical
periods and the relationships among them.
- Assess the validity of different interpretations of
significant historical events.
- Gather various types of historical evidence,
including visual and quantitative data, to analyze issues of freedom and
equality, liberty and order, region and nation, individual and community,
law and conscience, diversity and civic duty; form a reasoned conclusion
in the light of other possible conclusions; and develop a coherent
argument in the light of other possible arguments.
- Select and analyze various documents that have
influenced the legal, political, and constitutional heritage of the United
- Identify major works of art and literature produced
in the United States and elsewhere in the world and explain how they
reflect the era in which they were created.
- Recall, select, and explain the significance of
important people, their work, and their ideas in the areas of political
and intellectual leadership, inventions, discoveries, and the arts, within
each major era of Wisconsin, United States, and world history.
- Select significant changes caused by technology,
industrialization, urbanization, and population growth, and analyze the
effects of these changes in the United States and the world.
- Select instances of scientific, intellectual, and
religious change in various regions of the world at different times in
history and discuss the impact those changes had on beliefs and values.
- Compare examples and analyze why governments of
various countries have sometimes sought peaceful resolution to conflicts
and sometimes gone to war.
- Analyze the history, culture, tribal sovereignty,
and current status of the American Indian tribes and bands in Wisconsin.
- Analyze examples of ongoing change within and
across cultures, such as the development of ancient civilizations; the
rise of nation-states; and social, economic, and political revolutions.
- Explain the origins, central ideas, and global
influence of religions, such as Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism, Judaism, and
- Identify a historical or contemporary event in
which a person was forced to take an ethical position, such as a decision
to go to war, the impeachment of a president, or a presidential pardon,
and explain the issues involved.
- Describe the purpose and effects of treaties,
alliances, and international organizations that characterize today's
- Identify historical and current instances when
national interests and global interests have seemed to be opposed and
analyze the issues involved.
- Explain the history of slavery, racial and ethnic
discrimination, and efforts to eliminate discrimination in the United
States and elsewhere in the world.
Political Science and Citizenship:
- Identify the sources, evaluate the justification,
and analyze the implications of certain rights and responsibilities of
- Describe how different political systems define and
protect individual human rights.
- Trace how legal interpretations of liberty,
equality, justice, and power, as identified in the Constitution, the Bill
of Rights, and other Constitutional Amendments, have changed and evolved
- Explain the multiple purposes of democratic
government, analyze historical and contemporary examples of the tensions
between those purposes, and illustrate how governmental powers can be
acquired, used, abused, or legitimized.
- Analyze different theories of how governmental
powers might be used to help promote or hinder liberty, equality, and
justice, and develop a reasoned conclusion.
- Identify and analyze significant political
benefits, problems, and solutions to problems related to federalism and
the separation of powers Describe how past and present American political
parties and interest groups have gained or lost influence on political
decision-making and voting behavior.
- Locate, organize, analyze, and use information from
various sources to understand an issue of public concern, take a position,
and communicate the position.
- Identify and evaluate the means through which
advocates influence public policy.
- Identify ways people may participate effectively in
community affairs and the political process.
- Evaluate the ways in which public opinion can be
used to influence and shape public policy.
- Explain the United States' relationship to other
nations and its role in international organizations, such as the United
Nations, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, World Bank, International
Monetary Fund, and North American Free Trade Agreement.
- Describe and evaluate ideas of how society should
be organized and political power should be exercised, including the ideas
of monarchism, anarchism, socialism, fascism, and communism; compare these
ideas to those of representative democracy; and assess how such ideas have
worked in practice.
- Explain and analyze how different political and
social movements have sought to mobilize public opinion and obtain
governmental support in order to achieve their goals.
- Describe and analyze the origins and consequences
of slavery, genocide, and other forms of persecution, including the
- Describe the evolution of movements to assert
rights by people with disabilities, ethnic and racial groups, minorities,
- Explain how decisions about spending and production made by
households, businesses, and governments determine the nation's levels of
income, employment, and prices.
- Use basic economic concepts (such as supply and demand;
production, distribution, and consumption; labor, wages, and capital;
inflation and deflation; market economy and command economy) to compare
and contrast local, regional, and national economies across time and at
the present time.
- Analyze and evaluate the role of Wisconsin and the United States
in the world economy.
- Explain and evaluate the effects of new technology, global
economic interdependence, and competition on the development of national
policies and on the lives of individuals and families in the United States
and the world.
- Explain how federal budgetary policy and the Federal Reserve
System's monetary policies influence overall levels of employment,
interest rates, production, and prices.
- Use economic concepts to analyze historical and contemporary
questions about economic development in the United States and the world.
- Compare, contrast, and evaluate different types of economies
(traditional, command, market, and mixed) and analyze how they have been
affected in the past by specific social and political systems and
important historical events.
- Explain the basic characteristics of international trade,
including absolute and comparative advantage, barriers to trade, exchange
rates, and balance of trade.
- Explain the operations of common financial instruments (such as
stocks and bonds) and financial institutions (such as credit companies,
banks, and insurance companies).
- Analyze the ways in which supply and demand, competition, prices,
incentives, and profits influence what is produced and distributed in a
competitive market system.
- Explain how interest rates are determined by market forces that
influence the amount of borrowing and saving done by investors, consumers,
and government officials.
- Compare and contrast how values and beliefs, such as economic
freedom, economic efficiency, equity, full employment, price stability,
security, and growth, influence decisions in different economic systems.
- Describe and explain global economic interdependence and
competition, using examples to illustrate their influence on national and
- Analyze the economic roles of institutions, such as corporations
and businesses, banks, labor unions, and the Federal Reserve System.
- Summarize research that helps explain how the brain's structure
and function influence learning and behavior.
- Explain how such factors as physical endowment and capabilities,
family, gender, ethnicity, religion, socioeconomic status, attitudes,
beliefs, work, and motivation contribute to individual identity and
- Compare and describe similarities and differences in the ways
various cultures define individual rights and responsibilities, including
the use of rules, folkways, mores, and taboos.
- Analyze the role of economic, political, educational, familial,
and religious institutions as agents of both continuity and change, citing
current and past examples.
- Describe the ways cultural and social groups are defined and how
they have changed over time.
- Analyze the means by which and extent to which groups and
institutions can influence people, events, and cultures in both historical
and contemporary settings.
- Use scientific methods to assess the influence of media on
people's behavior and decisions.
- Analyze issues of cultural assimilation and cultural preservation
among ethnic and racial groups in Wisconsin, the United States, and the
- Defend a point of view related to an ethical issue such as genetic
engineering, declaring conscientious objector status, or restricting
- Describe a particular culture as an integrated whole and use that
understanding to explain its language, literature, arts, traditions,
beliefs, values, and behaviors.
- Illustrate and evaluate ways in which cultures resolve conflicting
beliefs and practices.
- Explain current and past efforts of groups and institutions to
eliminate prejudice and discrimination against racial, ethnic, religious,
and social groups such as women, children, the elderly, and individuals
who are disabled.
- Compare the ways in which a universal theme is expressed
artistically in three different world cultures.
- Use the research procedures and skills of the behavioral sciences
(such as gathering, organizing, and interpreting data from several
sources) to develop an informed position on an issue.
- Identify the skills needed to work effectively alone, in groups,
and in institutions.
- Identify and analyze factors that influence a person's mental
- Examine and describe various belief systems that exist in the
world, such as democracy, socialism, and capitalism.